cities and climate change

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This course focuses on climate change in urban areas, covering how cities are affected by climate change, how they contribute to it, as well as how they plan for it. Rising global temperatures causes sea levels to rise, increases the number of extreme weather events such as floods, droughts and storms, and increases the spread of tropical diseases. Founded in 2013 in Miami, Urban Us is a venture fund focused on start-ups upgrading cities for climate change. Yet cities, to varying extents, are also vulnerable to climate change impacts, with poor populations facing the greatest risk. By 2050, between 65% … Often local climate policies in cities, preempt larger policies pursued by the states or federal government. A report by the C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group described consumption based emissions as having significantly more impact than production-based emissions within cities. One of these collaborations is a Joint Work Programme between UNEP, the World Bank, UN-Habitat, under the facilitating role of Cities Alliance to address cities and climate change. [32][33][34], Founded in 2014, the organization received one million dollars in start-up funding from the Clinton Global Initiative to support the founding mayors' efforts to organize cities in advance of the signing of the 2015 Paris Agreement.[35]. Cities are also one of the most vulnerable parts of the human society to the effects of climate change, and likely one of the most important solutions for reducing the environmental impact of humans. This guide on climate change adaptation in cities is intended to offer mayors and other city officials, in developing countries, practical guidance on how to respond to the challenges of climate change adaptation in their cities. To strengthen municipal capacity for sustainable urban infrastructure provision and environmental management which enhance resiliency to … [11] Urban studies scholars Michael Hebbert and Vladmir Jankovic argue that this field of research grew out of a larger body of research on the effects of urban development and living on the environment starting as early as the 1950s. [21] Much of this urban development is informal, with urban residents settling in informal settlements and slums often on the outskirts of cities. Based on city-level assessments of climate vulnerability or emissions, to date UN-Habitat has supported over twenty-five cities worldwide to elaborate a climate change strategy or climate action plan in order to provide for effective and well sequenced follow-on action, e.g., building the climate-resilience of the most vulnerable communities. [48] Thus cities are both an important cause for and solution to climate change. Climate change is one of the most challenging issues of our time. A third report is being developed as of 2020. However, cities are not just drivers of climate change, they are also particularly affected by it. At the same time, cities are a key contributor to climate change, as urban activities are major sources of greenhouse gas emissions. [25] Peri-urban ecosystems can provide functions such as controlling floods, reducing the urban heat island effect, purifying air and water, supporting food and water security, and managing waste. [45] The targets of SDG 11 include investment in public transport, creating green public spaces, and improving urban planning and management in participatory and inclusive ways. Climate change is a global phenomenon that largely impacts urban life. Climate change is a uniquely complex challenge and one that will require simultaneous interventions from all levels of government. It is essential, therefore, to make cities an integral part of the solution in fighting climate change. Many cities are already doing a lot by using renewable energy sources, cleaner production techniques and regulations or incentives to limit industrial emissions. For example, following the United States withdrawal from the Paris agreement a coalition of cities, under the banner of Mayors National Climate Action Agenda. Plastic packaging accounts for 50 per cent of plastic waste. Local involvement through “climate-conscious” urban planning and management can help achieve national climate goals and minimise tradeoffs between environmental and economic priorities at local levels. Inland, changes in weather patterns and extremes could threaten cities with both too much water (in the form of overland or flash flooding) and too little water (in the form of extended perio… SDG 11: Sustainable cities and communities, Global Covenant of Mayors for Climate & Energy, CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of January 2021 (, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (. The network's objective is to make the shift to a low-emissions and eventually climate neutral society. Are you sure you want to print? Climate change is a global phenomenon that largely impacts urban life. At the same time, the exposed infrastructure and prevalent coastal location of many cities makes them common targets for climate change impacts such as sea level rise and fiercer storms. By 2050, the urban population is expected to reach 6.5 billion. Actors and Agency in the Urban Grey Zone", "Pathways for resilience to climate change in African cities", "Ecosystem services potential for climate change resilience in peri-urban areas in Sub-Saharan Africa", "Why Peri-urban Ecosystem Services Matter for Urban Policy", "A global assessment of the impact of climate change on water scarcity", "Scarcity Amidst Plenty: Lower Himalayan Cities Struggling for Water Security", "#ClimateMayors adopt, honor and uphold #ParisAgreement goals", "As Trump Signals Climate Action Pullback, Local Leaders Push Forward", Work of the Statistical Commission pertaining to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, "What are the Sustainable Development Goals? Supreme Court weighs in on cities' climate change lawsuits. Opt not to print. In addition, the module will look at how climate change adaptation and mitigation can be considered in urban planning and identify concrete measures. [17][16] for example the book Life After Carbon documents a number of cities which act as "urban climate innovation labratories".[18]. How can regions and cities become leaders in addressing climate change? This report, cities and climate change: an urgent agenda focuses on three broad issues pertaining to cities and climate change. Cities and Climate Change reveals the importance of addressing climate change across all levels of government. [29] Urban water access is particularly critical in South Asia as it remains home to more than 40% of the world’s poor (living on less than USD 1.25 per day) and 35% of the world’s undernourished. 70% of cities are already dealing with the effects of climate change, and nearly all are at risk. Most Europeans now live in cities, so the choices we make about urban infrastructure will have a large influence on how well we cope with climate change. UN-Habitat’s Cities and Climate Change Initiative (CCCI) is the Agency’s flagship Initiative supporting cities in emerging and developing countries to address the climate challenge.The Initiative supports cities responding to the negative impact of climate change that is already being felt worldwide, and to put in place appropriate mitigation measures. Because they are home to major infrastructure and highly concentrated populations, cities are also vulnerable to the impacts of climate change, such as rising sea levels, warmer temperatures and fiercer storms. Cities consume much of the world's energy, and thus produce much of the world's greenhouse gas emissions. Because of high density and effects like the urban heat island effect, weather changes due to climate change are likely to greatly effect cities, exacerbating existing problems, such as air pollution, water scarcity and heat illness in the metropolitan areas. This book provides a critical analysis of the role of cities in addressing climate change and the prospects for urban sustainability. In addition, the module will look at how climate change adaptation and mitigation can be considered in urban planning and identify concrete measures. [39] The rotating Steering Committee of C40 mayors provides strategic direction and governance. Cambridge Core - Climatology and Climate Change - Climate Change and Cities - edited by Cynthia Rosenzweig Cities and Climate Change As the hubs of economic activity, cities drive the vast majority of the world’s energy use and are major contributors to global greenhouse gas emissions. How we live and work together in communities and cities can have a huge impact in tackling climate change. Legal. Cities are home to half the world’s population and produce around 75% of the world’s GDP and greenhouse gas emissions. [15][16] Multiple scholars approach this in different ways, but describe this "urban laboratory" environment for testing a wide variety of practices. The book will be relevant to policy makers, researchers, and others with an interest in … As member of the Climate Neutral Network which brings together 19 partner cities and numerous organizations, UNEP provides its expertise on environmental issues. [5] Climate adaptation and mitigation investments in cities will be important in reducing the impacts of some of the largest contributors of greenhouse gas emissions: for example, increased density allows for redistribution of land use for agriculture and reforestation, improving transportation efficiencies, and greening construction (largely due to cement's outsized role in climate change and improvements in sustainable construction practices and weatherization). One of the main outputs of this cooperation is an online knowledge centre which provides information on cities and climate change. The SDG 11 is to "Make cities inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable". As key sites in the production and management of emissions of greenhouse gases, cities will be crucial for the implementation of international agreements and national policies on climate change. While they are major contributors to climate change, they are also particularly vulnerable to its consequences. Authors: Allam, Zaheer, Jones, David, Thondoo, Meelan Free Preview. United Nations (2017) Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 6 July 2017, United Nations Economic and Social Council (2020), concentrating more impoverished peoples in cities, largely due to cement's outsized role in climate change, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, United States withdrawal from the Paris agreement, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Climate change and cities: a prime source of problems, yet key to a solution", "Cities: a 'cause of and solution to' climate change", "Summary for Urban Policymakers – What the IPCC Special Report on 1.5C Means for Cities", "With people crowding into urban areas, how can cities protect themselves against climate change? Infographic In general, city dwellers live in areas most prone to the effects of climate change. Cities are being greatly affected, with more than half of the world’s population living in urban areas, of which nearly a billion in slums. 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